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Laboratoire de la finance africaine

Kenya

Aperçu 2023
Annual current GDP growth (%) : 5.849
GDP (USD billions) : 116.641
Population (Thousands) : 50.924 
Sociétés Cotées à Nairobi Securities Exchange
Economic performance and outlook

Kenya’s economy has been hurt by the COVID–19 pandemic. In 2020, GDP growth is expected to decelerate to 1.4% from 5.4% in 2019. Growth is supported by agriculture, while weaknesses in services and industry have had a dampening effect. Domestic demand is subdued while external demand has neither helped nor hurt growth. Expansionary fiscal, monetary, and financial policy measures were introduced to mitigate the impact of the pandemic on businesses and households. Inflation is expected to ease to 5.1% because of lower aggregate demand. The fiscal deficit is expected to widen to 8.3% of GDP—the result of revenue shortfalls and pandemic-related spending increases to deal with health issues and to mitigate the damage to household income and businesses. The current account deficit is expected to narrow to 5.4% of GDP, supported by a sharp reduction in the oil import bill. Foreign exchange reserves declined to $7.8 billion (4.8 months of import cover) at the end November 2020 from $8.96 billion (5.6 months of import cover) at the end November 2019. The local currency weakened by 8.9% to KSH 110 to the US dollar at the end November 2020 from KSH 101 to the dollar a year earlier. The financial sector was affected by spillover effects from major sectors; the capital market was the hardest hit. The Nairobi Securities Exchange share index fell 20% between 30 September 2019 and September 2020, and market capitalization fell 2% over the same period. The pandemic did serious social damage. Nearly 2 million people are estimated to have fallen into poverty, and nearly 900,000 lost their jobs. (Download detailed Analysis Source : Report African Economic Outlook 2021 ; AfDB)

Financial markets

In June 2017, the banking sector of Kenya represented a total asset of $ 33 billion.

Credit distributed to businesses represents $23 billion and, more broadly, credit to private sector totaling $32 billion.

The Nairobi Securities Exchange accounts 65 listed companies, representing, at the end of 2017, a market capitalization of $ 23 billion.

Amounts invested by private equity represents $ 49 million.